Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) also known as Altitude Sickness normally appears when you travel 3500 Meters above sea level. All travelers should be aware of AMS and have to pay special attention to avoid Altitude Sickness. We have tried to provide some information on how to stay stable and well. There are some of the information or tips regarding How to stay well at high altitude?
Train, train, train
It’s often not practical to prepare for trekking to high altitude by spending days at the respective elevation, but one can train heart and lungs for such altitude, even at sea level. Do at least four hour-long sessions a week of full-effort aerobic exercise: running, biking, swimming. If you’ll be carrying a load during trekking, practice carrying that. Find steep hills to climb wherever you can.
If you’ll be flying or driving to altitude, first rest. Spend two or three days doing little rest and exploration and drink plenty of water (4-6 liters per day) because dehydration worsens altitude problems.
You may lose your appetite when reaching at first to high elevation, but it's important to keep eating. High up in the alpine cold, you burn more calories even at rest: eat plenty of high-carb, slow-burning energy foods.
Drinking a lot of water and soup of course, not alcohol because it helps to acclimatize at high altitude. Drinking local made garlic soup is the best drink in the Himalayas of Nepal to avoid altitude sickness.
Climb high, sleep low
Above 3500 Meters, if the geography allows, don’t ascend more than 500Meters a day. If you do, plan to sleep no more than 500 Meters higher than you did the previous night until you are well acclimatized. Acclimatization takes 1-3 days for any given altitude.
Tough days, rough nights
Nights may be tough at first. Breathing rate slows when you sleep, you may wake frequently feeling out of the air. Propping yourself up with your backpack to sleep half-sitting may help.
Know the danger signs
It’s normal to have some headaches when you’re first above 3500 Meters. Rest, drink and medicate as you would at sea level. Breathlessness is normal on exertion at altitude – but above 4000Meters, watch for breathlessness when resting; a cough; a severe, persistent headache; nausea; loss of coordination or disorientation - all are signs of Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS). This potentially fatal condition demands rapid descent.
Have a plan
AMS symptoms often improve with a descent of 300-600Meters. Make sure your walking party has a proper plan of action for descent right now.
Try the folk (and high-tech) remedies
In the Himalayas, dried yak cheese (chhurpi) is said to alleviate some altitude woes. A red steak or two before arriving at altitude may increase iron levels and help produce blood cells to transport oxygen. Or take the pharmaceutical route: Acetazolamide (Diamox) begun before ascent helps acclimatization.
These are the precaution and awareness that one needs to go through before heading to high altitude. Avoid such symptoms of AMS using and following these tips before being an attack with any sorts of minor health-related problems in higher altitude.